Interesting facts about cats

1. Cat skeleton consists of 230 bones and bone is 24 more than the person

2. In cats, there are no normal clavicle. Due to this lack of a cat can push through his body through the smallest openings where is the cat's head. You may have seen the cat checks the hole, where she has to get through, trying to hole his head. The average adult cat may crawl through the hole, such as a fence, a width of 10 cm

3. Cat - this is a great acrobat. Its front legs can be rotated in almost any direction and both halves of her body can move in opposite directions!

4. Cats have five toes on front feet, but on the back - only four.

5. The cat's ear is rotated 180 degrees. In each ear muscle in the cat 32 to operate the ear they use twelve or more muscles.

6. Hearing the cat is much more sensitive than humans or dogs. The cat heard within 65 kHz, while a man - in the range of 20 kHz.

7. A cat can hear sounds in the ultrasonic range, and its "ambush" about a mouse burrows makes sense, even if the rodents do not move. Rodents communicate with ultrasound, and the cat overheard these conversations.

8. On head and front paws are cat hairs tactile - they help a cat not to lose orientation in space, and orients the cat does not come into contact with these hairs obstacles, and feeling them at a distance.

9. Relative to the weight of his body cat has the largest eyes of all animals. If the cat was the size of a man the size of her eyes would reach 4-5 cm

10. Most cats are no eyelashes.

11. The eyes of cats are located so that both facing the same direction, just as we do (as opposed to, say, dogs) - for us it is more usual type of person, maybe that's why we believe these cats cute animals?

12. The cat can not see in absolute darkness, but her "night vision" out of competition. Her eyes have a reflective layer, which increases the amount of light hitting the retina.

13. Under favorable conditions, green cat's-eye visible at a distance of 80 meters from the fact that the cat's eyes reflect the light so that the rays back along the same path that they were in the eye.

14.. Binocular vision cat covers 130 degrees (the dog - 83). But the cat is also able to observe everything that happens on the sides! Her visual field was 287 degrees compared to our 200. Extremely mobile head is spinning in all directions and can always keep a straight look.

15. The cat does not see anything right under his nose. That is why it is not immediately found on the floor a piece of cake that you gave her.

16. The cat from about 60 to 80 million olfactory cells in humans - from 5 to 20 million.

17. Compared with lyudtmi cats, of course, have highly developed perception of smell. Relative to the total brain volume is the portion that is responsible for the smell, the cat is much greater. This allows it to easily distinguish between individuals or determine by scent marks, which she herself had already visited this particular location. That's the smell of males recognize the cat, whose odor is so desirable pairing this release particularly attracted to female urine.

18. Cats, like humans, can have blood type AB.

19. Normal pulse cat 110-170 beats per minute, breathing - 20-40 breaths per minute. Normal body temperature cats - 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38 Celsius)

20. Domestic cat can run at speeds of 31 miles per hour.

21. The cat is a very sensitive nervous system.

22. A cat can jump high, is 5 times greater than its height. The imprint of the nose of each cat is unique, no two identical fingerprints. American scientists have been able to see the world through the eyes of a cat. The scientists conducted a cat brain electrodes that were connected with 177 neurons. After reading and deciphering the signals from the electrodes, the computer display shown in the picture that you see a cat. The picture was blurry, but it can clearly distinguish between different objects and faces. Other American scientists have determined that cats, unlike dogs, saturate the air with negative ions, which are useful for human health. The cat 50 000 genes, which are distributed to 19 pairs of chromosomes.

23. In cats, the gene responsible for red hair color linked to the sex of animal, and belongs to one of the X chromosome. This gene can produce red or black. Thus, the cat with two X chromosomes can be both red and black colors in its fur. Cote same with only one X chromosome, can be either black or red, but not both simultaneously.

24. If the cat does have both a red and black color (this occurs very rarely), it will be sterile. The fact that this cat must have both or part of both female X chromosomes. This unusual combination of chromosomes and leads to the fact that the animal turns out to be sterile.

25. When kittens are born, their eyes and ears closed. When eyes are opened, at first they were always blue. Then, over time, they change color on standing.

26. In kittens baby teeth appear in 10-30 days. From 4 to 10 months they changed to permanent. Number of which in the adult animal should be 30. A mature female is 15 months old.

27. Healthy adult cats for about 15% of their lives in deep sleep, 50% - in the superficial sleep and only 35% - are awake.

28. Daily cat toilets not only due to its cleanliness. Another goal of "washing" - lick with a certain amount of wool material containing vitamin E, which is required for the regulation of psychic equilibrium. If you deprive a cat of this opportunity, it will become nervous and can even die.

29. Addiction cats to mice has a physiological explanation in mice hair a lot of sulfur, which is simply necessary to cats, not to be bald.

30. Cats have one thing in common with giraffes and camels - they "pacers": first, at the same time raise the right front and hind legs, and then also at the same time - the left. In addition, the cats - the only animals that do not rely on walking to the foot pads and claws on.

31. 25% of all cats ambidexterity (ie, they are equally good command of the right and left paw)

32. Cats have no fat and sweat glands, so it does not smell. They sweat only ends leathery feet.

33. As is known, the nature of man and animals withdrew most different periods of life. Meanwhile, youth, adulthood and old age are common to all living beings. Naturally, the time of entry into a given age varies depending on the species. So, a month kitten is in the same stage as a human child 5-6 months of age. Six-month cat "contemporary" seventh graders (14 years) and fourteen - seventy-old man.

34. Cats have long to live. If in 1930 they were on the average "eyesore" to the owners for 8 years, but now they have to "tolerate" the 16. The old cat in the world called Poussin (in Russian Keys) - he died in America, there lived a day and after a party on the occasion of its thirty-sixth birthday.

35. Under the skin withers kittens are nerve endings that cause specification behavior - "reflex nape" - when the body relaxes a kitten, and his tail and feet are tightened to the tummy that would not catch on until it is transported.

36. Kitten's front legs grow faster than the rear, but at the end of third week, they equalized in the development, although they are poorly coordinated with each other - so it seems that the rear and front legs of a kitten go in different directions.

37. On the third week in kittens begin to erupt teeth - this process takes up to 6 weeks. And starting with a 3-month-old roots of these first teeth begin to dissolve, the crown - to fall out, and 30 new adult (permanent) teeth come in to replace them.

38. A cat can watch once in a few mouse burrows and capture subtle movements in mice. Field of view of a cat - 187 degrees, the dog is two times less, and a man - and a half times less.

39. Cats use when communicating over a hundred different sounds, surpassing in this dog, chimpanzee and gorilla.